Enable SSL for EBS R12.1



In this post, I am sharing how to implement SSL for EBS R12 from the command line using orapki.

Steps to setup SSL.

1.            Create New Wallet

2.            Create a Certificate Request

3.            Upload Certificate to Wallet

4.            Modify the OPMN wallet

5.            Import certs to cacerts

6.            Update the Context File

7.            Settings for DB Tier

 Note: No wild card certificate allowed in this method and this will enable only TLS1.0


Create New Wallet

Login EBS Application server and source using environment file (APPS<sid_machine>.env) located in the APPL_TOP directory.

1.            Navigate to the $INST_TOP/ora/10.1.3 and source the env file to set your 10.1.3 ORACLE_HOME variables.

2.            Navigate to the $INST_TOP/certs/Apache directory.

3.            Take backup of existing wallet files to a backup directory.

4.            Create New wallet using orapki utility as below

bash-4.1$ cd $INST_TOP/Apache

bash-4.1$ orapki wallet create -wallet . -auto_login -pwd apps123

bash-4.1$ ls -ltr

total 16

-rw------- 1 oracle dba 7912 Mar 1515:26 ewallet.p12

-rw------- 1 oracle dba 7940 Mar 1515:26 cwallet.sso


Create a Certificate Request
Create new certificate request file by passing appropriate details as input which is used for generating a SSL Certificate.

1.            Below are the details required to be passed to generate csr file.

 

Common Name name of server with domain, e.g. funebs121.lab
Organizational Unit: The unit within your organization, e.g. HR
Organization: is the name of your organization, e.g. Funlab
Locality/City: is your locality or city, e.g. Delhi
State/Province: is the full name of your State or Province - do not abbreviate,

Country: Select country from drop down list, e.g. IN

Keysize: Encryption level and min is 1024, recommended value - 2048

 

3.            Use command as below to generate certificate request file and export it.

$ orapki wallet add -wallet . -dn "CN=funebs121.lab,OU=IT,O=Funlab,L=Delhi,ST=Delhi,C=IN" -keysize 2048 -pwd apps123

 

$ orapki wallet export -wallet . -dn "CN=funebs121.lab,OU=IT,O=Funlab,L=Delhi,ST=Delhi,C=IN" -keysize 2048 -request server.txt -pwd apps123

 

4.            Verify the certificate request file from wallet as below.

$ cd $INST_TOP/certs/Apache/

$ orapki wallet display -wallet .

Requested Certificates:

Subject:        CN=funebs121.lab,OU=IT,O=Funlab,L=Delhi,ST=Delhi,C=IN  ß File requested

User Certificates:

Trusted Certificates:

Subject:        CN=GTE CyberTrust Root,O=GTE Corporation,C=US

Subject:        CN=Entrust.net Certification Authority (2048),OU=(c) 1999 Entrust.net Limited,OU=www.entrust.net/CPS_2048 incorp. by ref. (limits liab.),O=Entrust.net

Subject:        OU=Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority,O=VeriSign\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        OU=Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority,O=VeriSign\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        OU=Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority,O=VeriSign\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        OU=Secure Server Certification Authority,O=RSA Data Security\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        CN=Entrust.net Secure Server Certification Authority,OU=(c) 1999 Entrust.net Limited,OU=www.entrust.net/CPS incorp. by ref. (limits liab.),O=Entrust.net,C=US

Subject:        CN=GTE CyberTrust Global Root,OU=GTE CyberTrust Solutions\, Inc.,O=GTE Corporation,C=US

Subject:        CN=Entrust.net Secure Server Certification Authority,OU=(c) 2000 Entrust.net Limited,OU=www.entrust.net/SSL_CPS incorp. by ref. (limits liab.),O=Entrust.net

Then submit the generated request file(server.txt) to Certifying authority to request a self-signed certificate.

Upload Certificate to Wallet

1.            As the certificate provided is self signed, once Certifying authority provides Self-signed Server Certificate we need additional certificates to import them to the wallet. We need to download root certificate, intermediate certificates to import server certigficate to wallet.

Note: Save certificate in base-64 format.

2.            Once certificate is received save the file as server.crt in ($INST_TOP/certs/Apache). Also import all the root certificates of this certificate and save certificates with necessary conventions as below.

Root Certifciate - ca.crt

Intermediate Certificate - intermediate_base64.cer

Server.crt - server_base64.cer

 

Root & Intermediate certificates can be obtained from Internal Certifying authority if you are using self signed certificates.

3.            Ftp the certificate files to the server and place them in $INST_TOP/certs/Apache directory.

4.            Upload these certificates to Wallet using commands as below.

 bash-4.1$ cd $INST_TOP/certs/Apache

 $ orapki wallet add -wallet . -trusted_cert -cert SSL/ca.crt -pwd apps123

$ orapki wallet add -wallet . -trusted_cert -cert SSL/intermediate_base64.cer -pwd apps123

$ orapki wallet add -wallet . -user_cert -cert SSL/123080_base64_certificate.cer -pwd apps123

 

5.            Display Wallet contents and you should see all the certificates uploaded to wallet.

bash-4.1$ orapki wallet display -wallet .

Requested Certificates:

User Certificates:

Subject:        CN=funebs121.lab,OU=HR,O=Funlab,L=Delhi,ST=Delhi,C=IN

Trusted Certificates:

Subject:        CN=GTE CyberTrust Root,O=GTE Corporation,C=US

Subject:        OU=Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority,O=VeriSign\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        CN=Intermediate Authority,O=Funlab,C=US

Subject:        OU=Secure Server Certification Authority,O=RSA Data Security\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        CN=GTE CyberTrust Global Root,OU=GTE CyberTrust Solutions\, Inc.,O=GTE Corporation,C=US

Subject:        CN=Entrust.net Certification Authority (2048),OU=(c) 1999 Entrust.net Limited,OU=www.entrust.net/CPS_2048 incorp. by ref. (limits liab.),O=Entrust.net

Subject:        OU=Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority,O=VeriSign\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        OU=Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority,O=VeriSign\, Inc.,C=US

Subject:        CN=Entrust.net Secure Server Certification Authority,OU=(c) 1999 Entrust.net Limited,OU=www.entrust.net/CPS incorp. by ref. (limits liab.),O=Entrust.net,C=US

Subject:        CN=Funlab Root Certificate Authority,O=Funlab

Subject:        CN=Entrust.net Secure Server Certification Authority,OU=(c) 2000 Entrust.net Limited,OU=www.entrust.net/SSL_CPS incorp. by ref. (limits liab.),O=Entrust.net

 

6.            We need to import root & intermediate certificates to b64InternetCertificate.txt file located in the 10.1.2 ORACLE_HOME/sysman/config directory.

$ cd $INST_TOP/certs/Apache/

$ cat SSL/ca.crt >>$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/config/b64InternetCertificate.txt à root cert

$ cat SSL/infra_intermediate_base64.cer >>$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/config/b64InternetCertificate.txt  à Inter cert

$ cat SSL/Infra_East_Base64.cer  >> $ORACLE_HOME/sysman/config/b64InternetCertificate.txt  àInter cert

 

Modify the OPMN wallet

As default opmn wallet comes with demo wallet files, these should be now replace with newly created wallets as below.

1.            Navigate to the $INST_TOP/certs/opmn directory.

2.            Create a new directory named BAK

3.            Move the ewallet.p12 and cwallet.sso files to the BAK directory just created.

4.            Copy the ewallet.p12 and cwallet.sso files from the $INST_TOP/certs/Apache directory to the $INST_TOP/certs/opmn directory.

$ cd $INST_TOP/certs/opmn

$ mkdir BAK

$ mv * BAK/

$ cp ../Apache/ewallet.p12 .

$ cp ../Apache/cwallet.sso .


Import certs to cacerts
Now the new certificates files needs to be uploaded to cacerts under $OA_JRE_TOP/security/lib for proper functioning of XML Piublisher, OPP, etc.,

1.            Navigate to the $OA_JRE_TOP/lib/security directory

2.            Backup the existing cacerts file.

cd $OA_JRE_TOP/lib/security

cp cacerts cacerts.orig

 

4.            Copy your ca.crt and server.crt files to this directory and issue the following command to insure that cacerts has write permissions:

$ chmod u+w cacerts

 

5.     Add your Apache ca.crt and server.crt to cacerts as below.

bash-4.1$ cd -

/oracle/orainst1/d112uk/inst/apps/d112uk_camcfnldap01/certs

bash-4.1$ cd Apache/SSL/

bash-4.1$ ls

Server_base64_certificate.cer  ca.crt  intermediate_base64.cer

bash-4.1$ cat intermediate_base64.cer >> ca.crt

bash-4.1$ cp -pr ca.crt $OA_JRE_TOP/lib/security

bash-4.1$ cp -pr Server_base64_certificate.cer $OA_JRE_TOP/lib/security

 

bash-4.1$ cd $OA_JRE_TOP/lib/security

 

$ keytool -import -alias ApacheRootCA_2048 -file ca.crt -trustcacerts -v -keystore cacerts

When prompted enter the keystore password (default password is changeit).

$ keytool -import -alias ApacheServer_2048 -file 123080_base64_certificate.cer -trustcacerts -v -keystore cacerts

Trust this certificate? [no]:  Yes

Certificate was added to keystore 

Update the Context File

1.            Backup existing context file under $INST_TOP/appl/admin/<db>_<server>.xml

2.            Modify all below variables in the context file and save it.

SSL Related Variables in the Context File

Variable

Non-SSL Value

SSL Value

s_url_protocol

http

https

s_local_url_protocol

http

https

s_webentryurlprotocol

http

https

s_active_webport

same as s_webport

same as s_webssl_port

s_webssl_port

not applicable

4443 (port pool 0)

s_https_listen_parameter

not applicable

same as s_webssl_port

s_login_page

http://funebs121.lab:8000/OA_HTML/AppsLogin

https://funebs121.lab:4443/OA_HTML/AppsLogin

s_external_url

http://funebs121.lab:8009

https://funebs121.lab:4443

3.            Run autoconfig using adautocfg.sh file.

4.            Restart the middle tier services.

Settings for DB Tier

To enable SSL on the Database Tier, We need to import server certificate,ca.crt (and intca.crt if it exists) by creating an empty wallet.

1.            Connect to database and find the wallet location as below.

SQL> select fnd_profile.value('FND_DB_WALLET_DIR') from dual

SQL> /

 

FND_PROFILE.VALUE('FND_DB_WALLET_DIR')

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/u01/GOLD/db/tech_st/11.2.0/appsutil/wallet

 

3.            After setting your environment for the database tier, navigate to the $ORACLE_HOME/appsutil directory.

4.            Verify for directory waller, if It doesn’t exist create now.

5.            Navigate to the newly created wallet directory.

6.            Create a new empty wallet in this directory

orapki wallet create -wallet $ORACLE_HOME/appsutil/wallet -auto_login -pwd apps123

 

7.            FTP the certificate files from application server to database server and import them into this newly created wallet as below.

bash-4.1$ pwd

/u01/GOLD/db/tech_st/11.2.0/appsutil/wallet

 

$ orapki wallet add -wallet $ORACLE_HOME/appsutil/wallet -trusted_cert -cert root_base64.cer -pwd apps123

$ orapki wallet add -wallet $ORACLE_HOME/appsutil/wallet -trusted_cert -cert intermediate_base64.cer -pwd apps123

 

$ orapki wallet add -wallet $ORACLE_HOME/appsutil/wallet -trusted_cert -cert 123080_base64_certificate.cer -pwd apps123

 

8.            Test the wallet created from above steps as below and it should return page content.

SQL> select UTL_HTTP.REQUEST

( url => fnd_profile.value('APPS_FRAMEWORK_AGENT')||'/OA_HTML/IRCRESUMEUK1.xsl',

  proxy => hr_util_web.proxyForURL(fnd_profile.value('APPS_FRAMEWORK_AGENT')),

  wallet_path=>'file:'||fnd_profile.value('FND_DB_WALLET_DIR'),  wallet_password=>fnd_preference.eget('#INTERNAL','WF_WEBSERVICES','EWALLETPWD','WFWS_PWD'))

from dual;

 

The above query should return HTML output.

 

 SSL Setup Completed

 




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