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Important Queries Related to Undo in Oracle

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Important Queries Related to Undo in Oracle


To find retention guarantee for undo tablespace

select tablespace_name,status,contents,retention from dba_tablespaces where tablespace_name like '%UNDO%';

To find Undo Space Availability

select a.tablespace_name, SIZEMB, USAGEMB, (SIZEMB - USAGEMB) FREEMB
from (select sum(bytes) / 1024 / 1024 SIZEMB, b.tablespace_name
from dba_data_files a, dba_tablespaces b
where a.tablespace_name = b.tablespace_name
and b.contents = 'UNDO'
group by b.tablespace_name) a,
(select c.tablespace_name, sum(bytes) / 1024 / 1024 USAGEMB
from DBA_UNDO_EXTENTS c
where status <> 'EXPIRED'
group by c.tablespace_name) b
where a.tablespace_name = b.tablespace_name;

To show ACTIVE/EXPIRED/UNEXPIRED Extents of Undo Tablespace

select status,
  round(sum_bytes / (1024*1024), 0) as MB,
  round((sum_bytes / undo_size) * 100, 0) as PERC
from
(
  select status, sum(bytes) sum_bytes
  from dba_undo_extents
  group by status
),
(
  select sum(a.bytes) undo_size
  from dba_tablespaces c
    join v$tablespace b on b.name = c.tablespace_name
    join v$datafile a on a.ts# = b.ts#
  where c.contents = 'UNDO'
    and c.status = 'ONLINE'
);

To find Undo Retention Value

show parameter undo_retention;


Undo retention in hours

col "Retention" for a30
col name for a30
col value for a50
select name "Retention",value/60/60 "Hours" from v$parameter where name like '%undo_retention%';


Session Details Consuming Undo


SELECT s.inst_id,
        r.name                   rbs,
        nvl(s.username, 'None')  oracle_user,
        s.osuser                 client_user,
        p.username               unix_user,
        to_char(s.sid)||','||to_char(s.serial#) as sid_serial,
        p.spid                   unix_pid,
        TO_CHAR(s.logon_time, 'mm/dd/yy hh24:mi:ss') as login_time,
        t.used_ublk * 8192  as undo_BYTES,
                st.sql_text as sql_text
   FROM gv$process     p,
        v$rollname     r,
        gv$session     s,
        gv$transaction t,
        gv$sqlarea     st
  WHERE p.inst_id=s.inst_id
    AND p.inst_id=t.inst_id
    AND s.inst_id=st.inst_id
    AND s.taddr = t.addr
    AND s.paddr = p.addr(+)
    AND r.usn   = t.xidusn(+)
    AND s.sql_address = st.address
  AND t.used_ublk * 8192 > 1073741824
  ORDER
       BY undo_BYTES desc
/


To check space related statistics of  UndoTablespace from v$undostat

select
sum(ssolderrcnt) "Total ORA-1555s",
round(max(maxquerylen)/60/60) "Max Query HRS",
sum(unxpstealcnt) "UNExpired STEALS",
sum(expstealcnt) "Expired STEALS"
from v$undostat
order by begin_time;

Find Undo Segments related to users


select  s.sid,s.serial#,username,s.machine,
t.used_ublk ,t.used_urec,(rs.rssize)/1024/1024 MB,rn.name
from    v$transaction t,v$session s,v$rollstat rs, v$rollname rn
where   t.addr=s.taddr and rs.usn=rn.usn and rs.usn=t.xidusn and rs.xacts>0;

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