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Orapki Quick Reference and Usage with wallets

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Orapki Quick Reference and Usage with wallets




In this post, I am going to share about orapki which is a command-line tool. You can also use Oracle Wallet Manager(owm) as well, but that is not the scope of this post.

Oracle Wallets:
Wallet is a password-protected container used to store authentication and signing credentials, including private keys, certificates, and trusted certificates needed by SSL. The wallets it creates can be read by Oracle Database, Oracle Application Servers (OHS) used commonly in EBS when enabling SSL , and the Oracle Identity Management infrastructure.

In Oracle mostly there will be 3 types of wallets

1.Password protected - ewallet.p12
Required password for all operations like display, add,delete

2.Password protected with autologin- ewallet.p12 and  cwallet.sso

Required password for the only add, delete not for display. It can be read by oracle products without a password.

3.Auto_login_only - cwallet.sso

Doesn’t require a password for any operations.



Useful Commands Quick Reference.

Make sure the environment sourced is correct.

Creating and Viewing Oracle Wallets with orapki:

1.password-protected wallet creation:
orapki wallet create -wallet wallet_location

This command will prompt you to enter and re-enter a wallet password. It creates a wallet in the location specified for -wallet.

If you see a command as below 

orapki wallet create -wallet .

This means the wallets files would be created in your present working directly.


2.Password-Protected with auto-login enabled
This command creates a wallet with auto-login enabled, or it can also be used to enable auto-login on an existing wallet. If the wallet_location already contains a wallet, then auto-login will be enabled for it. To disable the auto-login feature, delete cwallet.sso.For wallets with the auto-login feature enabled, you are prompted for a password only for operations that modify the wallet, such as add


3. Autologin wallets:
To create an auto-login wallet (cwallet.sso) that does not need a password, use the following command:
orapki wallet create -wallet wallet_location -auto_login_only

This command creates an auto-login wallet (cwallet.sso) that does not need a password to open. You can also modify or delete the wallet without using a password. File system permissions provide the necessary security for such auto-login wallets.

Example:
orapki wallet create -wallet . -auto_login -pwd apps123

pwd : is a password for wallet

4.To view an Oracle wallet:

orapki wallet display -wallet wallet_location

or 

orapki wallet display -wallet .


5.Modifying the Password for a Wallet:

To change the wallet password, use the following command:

orapki wallet change_pwd -wallet wallet_location [-oldpwd password ] [-newpwd password]

6.How to add private key and certificates generated using openssl?

a.Create Wallet using openssl:

openssl pkcs12 -export -in jaydba_blogspot_com_cert.cer -inkey jaydba_blogspot_com.key -cerfile jaydba_blogspot_com_interm.cer -out ewallet.p12

b.Enable auto login:

orapki wallet create -wallet . -auto_login

7.How to Convert JKS to wallet:

a.create a password protected Oracle wallet with autologin:

orapki wallet create -wallet . -pwd password  -auto_login

b.Migrate the JKS keystore entries to the wallet:

orapki wallet jks_to_pkcs12 -wallet . -pwd password -keystore ./ewallet.jks -jkspwd password

8. Create a self signed certificate and export it

 orapki wallet add -wallet . -pwd apps123  -dn "CN=`hostname`, OU=Example Department, O=Example Company, L=NewYork, ST=US, C=US"  -keysize 2048 -self_signed -validity 365
  
  orapki wallet export -wallet . -dn "CN=`hostname`, OU=Example Department, O=Example Company, L=NewYork, ST=US, C=US" -cert /private/user/orapki_use/root/b64certificate.txt
  
9.  Export a certificate Request from an Oracle wallet:

orapki wallet export -wallet .-dn "CN=`hostname`, OU=Example Department, O=Example Company, L=NewYork, ST=US, C=US"  -request export_cert_server.txt -pwd apps123

10. Export a certificate from an Oracle wallet:

orapki wallet export -wallet . -dn "CN=`hostname`, OU=Example Department, O=Example Company, L=NewYork, ST=US, C=US"  -cert certificate_filename

11. View a certificate

orapki cert display -cert /private/user/orapki_use/server/cert.txt -complete

12. Add a trusted certificate to the wallet

orapki wallet add -wallet . -trusted_cert -cert /private/user/orapki_use/root/b64certificate.txt

13. Add a user certificate to the wallet

orapki wallet add -wallet . -user_cert -cert /private/user/orapki_use/server/cert.txt





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